STEP 1: heating up the lead alloy
The lead comes in 1 pound ingots which need to be melted down. In this case a cast iron ladle and a hot plate. The alloy melting temperature is 250-300 degrees Fahrenheit. One pound of metal makes about 6 or 7 toy soldiers of 54mm height, depending upon the uniform and complexity of the mold.
Casting soldiers from lead is something to do in a well ventilated area, such as the garage or patio. Different lead alloys have various properties, some alloys are used for casting finer details, while other alloys are more durable, suitable for making figures such as Chess pieces which will be handled often.